Montmirail, Battle AD 1814

The 1814 Campaign in France, Battle Montmirail
La Campagne de France de 1814, la Bataille de Montmirail
Next edition: to be announced (the event was last held in 2016)
Montmirail (Grand Est region)
FRANCE

 

a spectacular battle reenactment celebrating Napoleon's tactical genius on the same battlefield where the glorious French army marched in for its last epic stands before the capitulation of Paris, AD 1814... 

 

Geographical, cultural and historical context

Montmirail lies nestled around its 15th century castle on a formerly fortified promontory overlooking the valley of Petit Morin in the heart of the Brie Champenoise area, at about 50 km from Meaux, 70 km from Reims and 100 km from Paris and its airports, in the Marne department of the Grand Est region of Northern France. The territory was inhabited since the earliest times, as witnessed by several archaeological excavations and finds confirming the presence Neolithic settlements, lakeside towns, megalithic monuments (dolmens) and caves. Although not definitely cleared, the town origins most likely date to the Ancient Roman Age: the today Montmirail was founded as a military or trade post close to two Roman roads crossing the same area. Several artefacts and objects from the Roman Era found in the area are now on display at near the Museum of Epernay. From the 13th to the 17th century the town was a renown centre of draperies production with fulling and weaving mills.

The very event for which Montmirail went down to history is related to the so-called “Six Days Campaign” (February 10-14, AD 1814), that marked a final series of French victories during the 1814 Campaign in north-east France, the final chapter of the War of the Sixth Coalition, which lasted from March 1813 to May 1814 and saw Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821 AD) facing a broad coalition of allied countries: Austria, Prussia, Russia, England, Portugal, Sweden, Spain and several German states. Following their victory at Leipzig in 1813, the allied armies invaded France closing in on Paris. Despite his army being highly outnumbered, Napoleon managed to inflict many defeats to the enemies. Nevertheless, the Coalition kept advancing towards Paris, which capitulated in late March 1814.

The four battles of Champaubert, Montmirail, Château-Thierry, and Vauchamps of the Six Days Campaign proved the breadth of Napoleon's tactical genius: counting only on few seasoned troops he managed to gain victory after victory over the enemy superior in numbers. The Battle of Montmirail was fought between a French force led by Emperor Napoleon himself and two Allied corps: a Russian army commanded by Fabian Wilhelm von Osten-Sacken (1752-1837 AD, a Baltic-German Field Marshal), and a Prussian army led by Johann David Ludwig Graf Yorck von Wartenburg (1759-1830 AD, a Prussian General). In hard fighting that lasted until evening, the French troops with the Imperial Guard in the first line defeated Russians and forced them to retreat to the north, while routing also the Prussians that tried to intervene in the struggle. A commemorative column celebrating the Napoleonic battles during the Campaign of France at Montmirail, Vauchamps, Champaubert and Chateau-Thierry still stands in Montmirail.

On February 11, 1814, Emperor Napoleon defined the battle plans right at the castle of Montmirail, a 15th century medieval fortress later restored during the 18th century by Marie Anne de Bourbon (1666-1739 AD) the eldest legitimised daughter of King Louis XIV (1638-1715 AD, also known as Louis the Great or the Sun King), and his mistress Louise de La Vallière (1644-1710 AD). At the age of thirteen, she was married to Louis Armand de Bourbon (1661-1685), Prince of Conti. The Princess of Conti transformed the castle into an elegant noble residence replete with refined paintings and furniture. The castle offers a remarkable panoramic view of the countryside, many amenities and an ideal location for wedding and private celebrations, cultural and corporate events.


Event description and programme

To celebrate the Six Days Campaign, the Napoleonic military camp is set up in the park of Montmirail Castle, and the soldiers take part in a march in the countryside near Montmirail accurately following the manoeuvres and developments of the historic battle. The march is accompanied by skirmishes and displays, with a stop in a "requisitioned" village where the soldiers find food and shelter. Highlight of the event is the spectacular battle reenactment, but the rich programme includes as well guided tours at the camps, living history displays illustrating the military and civilian daily life during the Napoleonic Age, commemorative civic and religious ceremonies.

Please contact the Organizers for confirmation and further details.


Info & Contact

Event web page: http://www.leshussardsdelasalle.org/index.php/la-campagne-de-france/

Association "Les Hussards de Lasalle - Montmirail 1814"
Address: c/o Château de Montmirail, Montmirail, France
Tel. / Fax: +33 03 26599641
E-mail: lhlsecretariat@hotmail.com
Web: http://www.leshussardsdelasalle.org

Montmirail Tourism Office / Office du Tourisme de Montmirail et sa Région
Addresse : 4 place Rémy petit, 51210 Montmirail, France
Tel.: +33 03 26814005
E-mail: si.montmirail51@orange.fr
Web : http://www.montmirail-tourisme.eu/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/tourismemontmirail

Montmirail Town Council / Mairie de Montmirail
Address: 12 rue Jeanne d’Arc, 51210 Montmirail, France
Tel.: +33 03 26811146 | Fax : +33 03 26811427
E-mail: mairie.montmirail@wanadoo.fr
Web: http://montmirail.fr/

Montmirail Castle / Château de Montmirail
Address: 2 place du Château, 72320 Montmirail, France
Tel : +33 (0)2 43937271
E-mail: contact@chateaudemontmirail.com
Web: www.chateaudemontmirail.com

Credits
Image: “Les Hussards de Lasalle - Montmirail 1814”
Text sources: “Les Hussards de Lasalle - Montmirail 1814”, Wikipedia, Fondation Napoleon, Montmirail Town Council, Château de Montmirail, Montmirail Tourism Office

 


Montmirail and its castle on Google Maps:

 

 

Promos and video reportages of the event:

 

 

 

Visiting Montmirail and its castle:

 

 

 

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