Archaeoastronomy in Africa

Archaeoastronomy in the African Continent

Adriano Gaspani devoted his researches to the African Continent as well, studying in particular the origins of the Egyptian Astronomy, which, similarly to the Chinese one, was mainly aimed to meticulously record and report the recurrence of the celestial phenomena trying to make sense of them in relationship with the daily life needs. The author extensively researched also the structure and the orientation of the pre-Islamic tombs of the Sahara and their astronomical significance, and was the first to correctly interpret the astronomical orientations in the Great Zimbabwe, highlighting the deep astronomical knowledge spread among the local tribes.

Image: Nut, the Egyptian goddess of the sky in the tomb of Ramses VI (copyright: Hans Bernhard, source: Wikimedia Commons).

Here below you can find Adriano Gaspani's contributions (mostly in Italian language) published on Historia Vivens Web. Texts and images, unless otherwise attributed, are provided by the Author himself, and are his copyright. Please note that, to ease the reading, all articles, in full version and usually accompanied by pictures and notes, are available for free and safe download in PDF format. We hope you will enjoy the contents and wish you a pleasant surfing experience. This section is constantly evolving, please come back often for the latest updates. Thank you!


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Gli Egizi e la Sezione Aurea

It is still debated whether before the Greeks there were actually people who knew about the Golden Ratio (also known as golden section or divine proportion), and have used it in their architectures. The Golden ratio is a special number approximately equal to 1.618 and describing the perfectly symmetrical relationship between two proportions. It is symbolized by the Greek letter "phi" and found by dividing a line into two parts so that the longer part divided by the smaller part is also equal to the whole length divided by the longer part.

Image: the Giza pyramid complex (public domain, source:

Statements regarding the knowledge of the Golden Ratio in the Pre-Hellenic Period involve also the ancient Egyptians, with several scholars claiming traces of the Golden Ratio can be found in the ruins of many important monuments, including the pyramids. The most widely debated case is the one concerning Egypt and the alleged presence of the Golden Ratio in the dimensional relationships of the Pyramid of Cheops or Khufu located on the Giza Plateau. In this article Adriano Gaspani examines the drive of the esoteric numerological myth regarding the Great Pyramid of Cheops, showing us how, despite some easy suggestions, it is extremely unlikely that the encoding of the Golden Ratio in the pyramid may result from a clear and conscious choice by the Egyptian architects in designing their superb pyramids, and, therefore, from a real knowledge of the Golden Ratio...

You can download here the full article (in Italian) in PDF format:


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Images: All images on this page are public domain or provided by the Author himself unless otherwise stated.





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